一起中华蜜蜂批量中毒死亡的紧急流行病学调查
An Emergency Epidemiological Investigation on Intoxication Death of Apis Cerana Cerana Fabricius in Batches
  
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中文摘要:
      自2018年2月7日起,广东省广州市花都区某荔枝果场内的6处放蜂点陆续出现中华蜜蜂批量死亡情况。680群中,有430群的采集蜂、内勤蜂或新出房幼蜂出现批量死亡,蜂群袭击率达63.24%。检疫人员对死亡原因展开紧急调查。通过问询蜂农、查看现场和实验室检测,发现蜜蜂死亡与周围1.561 km处一菜场使用哒螨灵等农药存在密切关系,证实引起死亡的主要原因是农药中毒,而与蜜蜂疫病无关。结合此事件的损失估算,对蜂农如何防止蜜蜂农药中毒给出了相关建议,为减少蜂农经济损失提供了帮助。
英文摘要:
      Since February 7,2018,Apis cerana cerana Fabricius died successively in one litchi farm in Huadu District Guangzhou City,Guangdong Province. Among the total 680 bee colonies,there were 430 colonies of which the field bees,house bees and juvenile bees died in batches,with the attack rate of 63.24%. Then,the death reason was investigated by the inspectors. According to enquiry,field investigation and laboratory testing,it was found that the death of Apis cerana cerana Fabricius was closely related to the usage of pesticide such as pyridaben by a vegetable market located around 1.561 km. Finally,the reason causing bee deaths was finally confirmed as pesticide poisoning,instead of other animal disease. In combination with the estimation of economic loss,some advice on how to prevent the pesticide poisoning was put forward,which had offered some help for reducing the economic loss for beekeepers.
作者单位
陈裕华,甘兆年,何日文,蔡一凡,张海明,李印,沈丹  
中文关键词:  中华蜜蜂  检疫  农药中毒  紧急调查
英文关键词:Apis cerana cerana Fabricius  inspection and quarantine  pesticide poisoning  emergency investigation
基金项目:联合国粮农组织-中国兽医现场流行病学培训项目;广州市动物疫病流行病学调查专项
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-944X.2018.08.002
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