旅邮检口岸截留动物产品无害化处理模式
Bio-safety Disposal Model of Intercepted Animal Products at the Entry Ports of Passengers and Mails
  
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中文摘要:
      近年来,口岸检疫机构截留的禁止携带或邮寄进境的动物产品日益增多,如何对其进行无害化处理成为难点。本文总结了高温高压、开放式焚烧、固定设施焚烧、外包第三方处理等4种常用处理方式在各口岸的应用情况,并在资源投入、制约条件、无害化处理程度等多方面,分析了不同处理方式的优缺点。根据实际业务量,多数口岸采用焚烧或委托第三方的无害化处理方式,部分年截获量不足百公斤的口岸多采用高温蒸煮灭菌处理后填埋的方式。在健全标准机制、做好前期准备、加强过程监管、重视后续处置等方面提出了相应思考建议,以期为优化我国旅邮检口岸现行截留动物产品无害化处理管理政策提供参考。
英文摘要:
      According to related laws and regulations,some animal products are prohibited from being carried or mailed into China. In recent years,the number of such animal products intercepted by quarantine agencies at ports has been increasing,hence the problem of how to handle these animal products harmlessly becomes difficult. Here,the application of 4 common disposal methods were summarized,including high temperature and pressure,open-air burning,fixed-facility burning and outsourcing bio-safety disposal service to third-party companies. Meanwhile,the advantages and disadvantages of these disposal methods were analyzed from aspects of resource investment,restrictive factors and the degree of bio-safety disposal. Based on the amounts of intercepted products,incineration or outsourcing the service to third-party companies is most commonly adopted by the officials at ports. Some ports with an annual interception amount of less than 100 kilograms often choose to bury the products after treatment of high temperature steaming and sterilizing. At last,some refection and suggestions were given from the aspects of completing the mechanism,doing a good job in early-stage preparation,strengthening supervision during the whole process and attaching importance to the follow-up disposals,these suggestions would provide reference for optimizing management policies for bio-safety disposal of intercepted animal products.
作者单位
陈逸石,张鸿怀,郑华,李景  
中文关键词:  无害化处理  动物产品  旅检  邮检
英文关键词:bio-safety disposal  animal products  inspection and quarantine towards inbound passengers' luggage  inspection and quarantine towards inbound mails
基金项目:
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-944X.2018.08.011
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