落实兽医处方制度的思考
Reflections on the Veterinary Prescription System
  
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中文摘要:
      兽用处方药的使用涉及到兽药残留问题,进而影响食品安全。兽医处方制度是兽用处方药管理的重要方式,对处方药规范使用具有重要意义。目前兽医处方制度在食品动物养殖中并未得到较好落实,由于制度缺陷导致执法人员不知“从何管起”,兽用处方药买卖与使用不规范行为“有令不止”。本文从兽医处方药的流通和使用两个角度切入,剖析制度背后存在的矛盾与瓶颈,涉及法规条款缺陷、乡村兽医对兽医处方制度的影响、买药求医难、兽医处方与养殖档案混淆等,并对上述问题从立法、政策、执法等角度提出相应对策建议,以期为兽医主管部门优化兽药管理政策提供参考。
英文摘要:
      The use of veterinary prescription drugs involves issues of drug residues,which can further affect the food safety. The veterinary prescription system is an important method for supervising veterinary prescription drugs,and is of great significance for standardized use of such drugs. At present,the veterinary prescription system has not been well implemented in food animal production industry,such as law enforcement officials don't know how to conduct supervision and there exists irregular behaviors. Here,from the perspectives of circulation and use of veterinary prescription drugs,some problems existing in the system were analyzed,including the contradictions and bottlenecks,defects in laws and regulations,influence of rural veterinarians on the veterinary prescription system,difficulty in purchasing drugs and seeking medical advice,as well as confusions between the veterinary prescription and animal production files. In order to provide reference for optimizing management policy of veterinary drugs,some suggestions were put forward from the aspects of law legislation,enforcement and related policies,etc.
作者单位
郑利莎,孙荣钊  
中文关键词:  兽医处方  兽用处方药  执业兽医  乡村兽医
英文关键词:veterinary prescription  the vrescription drugs for veterinary use  licensed veterinarians  rural veterinarians
基金项目:
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-944X.2018.09.012
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