2010—2017年某地动物卫生监督执法案件分析
Analysis of Animal Health Supervision and Law Enforcement Cases in a Place From 2010 to 2017
  
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中文摘要:
      本文对某地2010—2017年的动物卫生监督执法案件进行了统计,重点分析了违法案件数量、类型、罚没及复议诉讼等内容。分析发现,近8年来该地执法办案总量达718件,辖内各县市执法工作开展不均衡,处罚形式以立案处罚为主(546件,占比76%);违法案件类型相对集中,主要涉及“不符合防疫条件”“不凭证运输”“未经检疫即运输或销售动物、动物产品”等;罚款金额累计超过130万元,年均罚款17万元;无行政复议与行政诉讼案件。分析认为上述情况与《动物防疫法》修订、兽医体制改革、官方兽医执法水平以及行政相对人法律意识淡薄有关,提出了健全法律法规,提高官方兽医综合素质,探索兽医综合执法,营造良好执法环境等建议。
英文摘要:
      In this paper,animal health supervision and law enforcement cases in one city during 2010 to 2017 were statistically analyzed,mainly focusing on the number and types of illegal cases,its forfeiture,reconsideration and lawsuits and so on. According to the analysis,during the past 8 years,the total number of cases handled by law enforcement officials was 718,and the law enforcement efforts in the counties and cities within its jurisdiction were different The main punishment form was to register and investigate the cases(546 cases,accounting for 76%). The case types were as followed:not meeting the disease prevention conditions,transporting animals without related licenses,transporting and selling animals or animal products without offical inspection and quarantine. The total amount of the fine exceeded 1.3 million RMB,and the annual average amount was 170 thousand RMB. There was no administrative reconsideration and litigation cases. Besides,it was believed that the mentioned problems were related to the revision of Animal Disease Prevention Law,the reform of veterinary system,the low level of law enforcement by official veterinarians and the lack of legal awareness of administrative counterparts. At last,some suggestions were given,including establishing a sound legal system,improving the comprehensive quality of official veterinarians,exploring comprehensive law enforcement,as well as creating a good law enforcement environment.
作者单位
侯桂芳  
中文关键词:  监督执法  数据分析  官方兽医  体制改革
英文关键词:supervision and law enforcement  data analysis  official veterinarians  system reform
基金项目:
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-944X.2018.09.013
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