2012—2018年新疆乌鲁木齐市近郊奶牛结核病流行病学监测
Epidemiological Monitoring of Tuberculosis in Dairy Cows in the Suburbs of Xinjiang City of Urumqi from 2012 to 2018
  
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中文摘要:
      为有效控制奶牛结核病流行,保证奶制品卫生安全,新疆乌鲁木齐市在近郊的6个奶牛养殖小区,通过制定和宣传消毒、隔离检疫、无害化处理等技术规范,开展了结核病净化工作。为了解6个奶牛养殖小区结核病的防控效果,从2012年开始进行了连续7年的奶牛结核病流行病学监测。结果显示,7年累计检测奶牛56 668头,奶牛结核病平均阳性率由2012年的1.49%下降到2018年的0.33%,且有2个奶牛养殖小区达到了国家净化标准,取得了预期的防控效果。但仍有少数小区阳性率偏高,需要继续采取严格控制措施,最终实现所有奶牛的结核病净化目标。
英文摘要:
      In order to effectively control the tuberculosis(TB)in dairy cows,ensure the hygiene and safety,six cow farms in the suburbs in Urumqi City were collected,and TB eradication work was carried out by a series of“detection-elimination”measures consisting of strengthening strict disinfection,conducting isolation and quarantine,standardizing bio-safety disposal,as well as strengthening publicity. For the purpose of recognizing the prevention and control effects,an epidemiological monitoring was carried out towards these six cow farms during 2012 to 2018. Results showed that,in the past seven years,a total of 56 668 dairy cows were detected,the average positive rate of bovine tuberculosis decreased from 1.49% in 2012 to 0.33% in 2018. Besides,two dairy farms had reached the national standard of TB purification,the expected effects were achieved. However,there still existed a few districts that TB positive rate was relatively high,hence related control measures needed to be further adopted so that the bovine tuberculosis would be eradicated thoroughly.
作者单位
石琴,袁立岗,蒲敬伟,沙丽,柳炜  
中文关键词:  结核病  奶牛  流行病学监测  乌鲁木齐
英文关键词:tuberculosis  cow  epidemiological monitoring  Urumuqi
基金项目:新疆生产建设兵团十二师科技专项(NYJH2013010)
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-944X.2018.10.003
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