南美部分国家口蹄疫防控实践分析
Analysis on Prevention and Control Practices for Foot and Mouth Disease in Some South American Countries
  
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中文摘要:
      近年来,南美洲国家通过实施口蹄疫(FMD)消灭计划,基本实现了控制和消灭口蹄疫的目的。本文介绍了巴西、哥伦比亚、厄瓜多尔和玻利维亚等国口蹄疫的流行情况,阐明了在泛美卫生组织、泛美FMD中心等组织和机构协调下,南美洲各国通过建立口蹄疫消灭计划,实施科学有效的免疫,建立严格的移动控制与追溯体系,开展基于风险的监测和流行病学调查,并适时申请世界动物卫生组织(OIE)无疫认证,取得了良好成效。南美国家的FMD防控经验提示,科学防控策略、多方合作、及时评估与调整在FMD消灭过程中至关重要。
英文摘要:
      In recent years,through the implementation of eradication plan for foot and mouth disease(FMD),South American countries almost have controlled and eradicated FMD. In this paper,the previous FMD prevalence status in Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador and Bolivia were introduced. Under the coordination of Pan American Health Organization and Pan American FMD Center,South American countries have achieved good results by a series of measures,including establishing national FMD eradication plan,implementing scientific and effective immunization project,establishing a sound system for animal moving control and tracing,carrying out risk-based surveillance and epidemiological investigation,as well as applying for FMD free zone certification issued by World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) timely. In conclusion,scientific prevention and control,multi-cooperation and timely assessment and adjustment were very important for FMD eradication.
作者单位
孙晓东,李木子,赵肖璟,李鹏,王栋  
中文关键词:  南美洲  口蹄疫  区域化  监测  移动控制
英文关键词:South America  FMD  regionalization  monitoring  moving control
基金项目:
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-944X.2018.10.017
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