新疆南疆地区村级防疫员布鲁氏菌病防控认知情况调查
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新疆生产建设兵团科技局现代农业科技攻关与成果转化资助项目(2016AC012);新疆生产建设兵团第一师科技局资助项目(2016XS03);国家自然科学基金项目(31860713)


Investigation on the Cognition of Animal Health Workers at Village Level Concerning Brucellosis Prevention and Control in Southern Xinjiang
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    摘要:

    为了解新疆南疆地区村级防疫员对布鲁氏菌病防控相关知识的认知、态度和行为以及可能存在的问题,2018—2019年,对新疆南疆地区3批共115名村级防疫员培训学员采用问卷调查方式进行普查,并对调查数据进行统计分析。结果显示:2018—2019年3批村级防疫员培训学员对布鲁氏菌病防控相关知识的认知率为79.8%,知晓率为83.2%;92.4%的学员对布鲁氏菌病防控持积极态度,57.7%能在检疫过程中准确使用防护用具。在希望获取信息的途径中,专业兽医和传统宣传资料依然是该地区村级防疫员获得信息的主要途径,同时通过网络和电视获取信息的比例也在升高,而部分学员提出通过培训来获取有效信息的方法也值得借鉴。结果表明,新疆南疆地区村级防疫员对布鲁氏菌病防控相关知识的掌握度还有待提高,在进行相关知识宣传时,应注意宣传的多样性和针对性。本调查为进一步提高村级防疫员对布鲁氏菌病的防控认知,做好布鲁氏菌病防控提供了依据。

    Abstract:

    In order to make clear the cognition,attitude and behaviors of animal health workers at village level(hereinafter referred to as“the workers”)concerning brucellosis prevention and control as well as any possible problems in Southern Xinjiang,a census for 115 trained workers was carried out by means of questionnaire from 2018 to 2019,and relevant data were analyzed. The results showed that the cognitive rate of the workers was 79.8%,and their awareness rate was 83.2%;92.4% workers held a positive attitude towards brucellosis prevention and control,and 57.7% were able to accurately use protective equipment during the process of animal quarantine. Information was mainly obtained by the workers via veterinarians and traditional publicity materials,and the ratio of information from network and television was increasing. Some workers proposed that effective information should be obtained via training,which should be considered. As a conclusion,the workers' knowledge concerning brucellosis prevention and control should be improved,and the diversity and pertinence of publicity activities should be concerned. A basis was provided for further improving the workers' cognition concerning brucellosis prevention and control.

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赵玉宾,刘咏君,丁繁萍,刘平,胡建军.新疆南疆地区村级防疫员布鲁氏菌病防控认知情况调查[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2020,37(10):38-41.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-09-29
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