珠三角地区中小学生犬类狂犬病“知信行”调查
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广东省产学研重点项目(2014B090901046)


Investigation on the KAP Concerning Canine Rabies of Primary and Secondary School Students in Zhujiang River Delta
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    摘要:

    为了解珠三角地区中小学生犬类狂犬病的认知现状及其对养犬和防疫的态度和行为,2019年6月采取配额抽样和便利抽样方式,对珠三角地区8个市的中小学生展开犬类狂犬病“知信行”问卷调查。共发放问卷800份,回收747份,回收率为93.38%。调查结果显示:珠三角地区中小学生的犬类狂犬病知识平均分为6.60±1.28,仅10.04%的学生能说出犬类狂犬病症状,4.69%的学生能说出除犬猫外的其他易感动物,36.14%的学生知道狂犬病不能被治愈;城镇学生的狂犬病知识平均分(6.65±1.21)高于乡村学生(6.40±1.49),差异显著(P<0.05);91.65%的城镇学生赞成给犬免疫狂犬病疫苗,远高于乡村学生的78.85%(P<0.05);珠海、佛山、肇庆的中小学生犬类狂犬病知识平均分显著高于广州、东莞、江门(P<0.05);经常获取狂犬病知识的学生平均分(7.13±1.17)显著高于较少或从未获取知识的平均分(6.42±1.26),差异显著(P<0.05)。调查结果表明,珠三角地区中小学生犬类狂犬病知识的总体掌握程度不高,尤其是乡村学生普遍较低,需要加强中小学生狂犬病防控教育,提高其狂犬病知识的掌握度,帮助其养成良好的养犬和防疫态度与行为。

    Abstract:

    In order to make clear the cognition status concerning canine rabies of primary and secondary school students in Zhujiang River Delta as well as their attitudes and practices towards dog keeping and relevant disease prevention,a questionnaire investigation on“knowledge,attitude and practice”(KAP)concerning canine rabies for the students from 8 cities in the region was carried out by means of quota and convenient sampling in June 2019,747 out of 800 questionnaires were replied,with the ratio of 93.38%. The results showed that only 10.04% students could tell the symptoms of canine rabies,4.69% students knew other susceptible animals except dogs and cats,and 36.14% students understood that rabies could not be cured;the average score of such knowledge of urban students(6.65±1.21)was higher than that of rural students(6.40±1.49),the difference was significant(P<0.05);in addition,91.65% urban students agreed to vaccinate dogs with rabies vaccine,which was higher than rural students(78.85%),with a significant difference(P<0.05);the average score in Zhuhai,Foshan and Zhaoqing was obviously higher than that in Guangzhou,Dongguan and Jiangmen(P<0.05);and the average score of students who often learned such knowledge(7.13±1.17)was higher than that of those who seldom or never received such knowledge(6.42±1.26),with a significant difference(P<0.05). It was concluded that the students understood fewer knowledge concerning canine rabies in general,especially the rural students,such education should be strengthened so as to increase their relevant knowledge and develop good attitude and practice for dog keeping and disease prevention.

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陈平洁,黄文颖,林琳,林乃锋,林哲,魏文康,王晓虎,郭霄峰.珠三角地区中小学生犬类狂犬病“知信行”调查[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2020,37(11):21-27.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-11-02
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