金鱼造血器官坏死病传入风险评估
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国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFF0210305);海关总署科研资助项目(2019HK027)


Entry Risk Assessment for Goldfish Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus
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    摘要:

    为评估鲤科疱疹病毒-2型(Cyprinid herpesvirus 2,CyHV-2)随水生动物及产品跨境传入风险,按照OIE传入风险评估框架,从危害识别、风险评估及风险管理3个方面,开展了CyHV-2跨境传入风险分析,并提出了相应的风险控制措施。分析认为:养殖用活易感鱼类的风险预测为高,而食用的、冰冻和冰鲜的以及用做饵料的易感鱼类风险预测为中,易感鱼类加工后的产品、非易感鱼类及运输活鱼的水、包装、工具等风险预测为低。建议对进口的活易感鱼类(金鱼、鲫鱼及其普通变种),严格采取相应的风险管理措施;对食用的、冰冻和冰鲜的易感鱼类避免从疫区进口,用做饵料的易感鱼类改用经过加工处理后的野杂鱼;而加工后的鱼制品及非易感鱼类,可允许自由贸易;对运输活鱼的水、包装等进行强制常规消毒。

    Abstract:

    In order to evaluate the cross-border entry risk of Cyprinid herpesvirus 2(CyHV-2)accompanied with aquatic animals and products,a risk analysis was carried out based on hazard identification,risk assessment and risk management according to OIE framework of entry risk assessment,and relevant risk control measures were put forward. It was predicted that the risk of live susceptible fish used for aquaculture was high,it was medium for edible,frozen and chilled susceptible fish and those used as baits,and it was low for products derived from susceptible fish,non-susceptible fish as well as water,package and tools used for transporting live fish. The following suggestions were proposed,such as,corresponding risk management measures should be taken strictly for imported live susceptible fish(goldfish,crucian carp and their common variants);the edible,frozen and chilled susceptible fish should not be introduced from infected zones;the susceptible fish used as baits should be replaced by processed wild trash fish;the processed fish products and non-susceptible fish might be allowed to trade freely;and the water and package used for transporting live fish should be compulsively and routinely disinfected.

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任彤,汪琳,尹羿,赵相鹏,蒲静,马树宝,高志强,张伟,张利峰.金鱼造血器官坏死病传入风险评估[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2020,37(11):28-30.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-11-02
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