我国西部地区基层兽医包虫病认知情况及其影响因素
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新疆生产建设兵团重点领域科技攻关计划项目(2019AB029)


Grassroots Veterinarians' Awareness for Echinococcosis and Relevant Influential Factors in Western China
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    摘要:

    为掌握我国包虫病流行区基层兽医对包虫病防控相关知识的认知情况,分析影响其认知的可能因素,选择我国西部5省区共312名基层兽医作为研究对象进行问卷调查。问卷共包含基础知识和专业知识两部分。计算每个知识点的知晓率,并比较不同人群是否存在差异。结果显示:基层兽医对包虫病防控知识的总知晓率为62.03%,其中基础知识知晓率较高,平均为74.34%,专业知识知晓率较低,平均为47.80%;不同人群对包虫病的知晓程度有差异,来自青海省和新疆维吾尔自治区的基层兽医对包虫病认知明显高于其他省区,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001);女性、具有大专及以上教育程度的基层兽医认知水平较高。结果表明,包虫病流行区基层兽医对包虫病的认知水平总体偏低,应加强对基层兽医的宣传与教育,尤其应开展包虫病防治知识和防治政策等专业性培训,并保证宣教的持续性和系统性。

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    In order to make clear grassroots veterinarians' awareness for the knowledge related to the prevention and control of echinococcosis in infected areas in China,and analyze possible influential factors therein,a questionnaire investigation was conducted for 312 grassroots veterinarians from 5 provinces in western China,which included general and professional knowledge,and the awareness rate of each knowledge was calculated to compare whether there were any differences among veterinarian populations. The results showed that the overall awareness rate of grassroots veterinarians for the knowledge related to prevention and control of echinococcosis was 62.03%,specifically,the awareness rate for general knowledge was higher,with an average of 74.34%,and that for professional knowledge was lower,with an average of 47.80%;the awareness rate of veterinarian populations was also different,and that of those from Qinghai and Xinjiang was obviously higher than other regions,which was of statistical significance(P<0.001);the awareness rate of female veterinarians and those with college education or above was higher. Considering that the awareness rate of grassroots veterinarians for echinococcosis was generally low in infected areas,awareness activities and education for grassroots veterinarians should be increased,especially specific training related to the knowledge and policies for prevention and control of echinococcosis,and the continuity and systematicness of these activities should be safeguarded.

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刘平,胡建军,高璐,徐全刚,李娟,孙向东.我国西部地区基层兽医包虫病认知情况及其影响因素[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2021,38(2):1-4.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-02-01
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