2015—2016年欧洲牛结节性皮肤病流行状况分析
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S851.3

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国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1200500)


Epidemiological Analysis on Lumpy Skin Disease in Europe from 2015 to 2016
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    摘要:

    2015年牛结节性皮肤病(LSD)首次传入欧洲,并持续在巴尔干半岛地区扩散和蔓延。为了解该病的流行形势,对2015—2016年欧洲LSD流行情况进行了分析。结果显示:从时间分布来看,疫情呈明显的季节性,主要集中于6—9月;从空间分布来看,疫情在巴尔干半岛地区沿东南向西北方向传播,且多集中于疫情国家边界区域;从群间分布来看,疫情主要发生于小规模牛场,且以散发为主。依据分析结果,本文提出了预防LSD传入我国的建议,如严格禁止从疫情国家进口牛及相关产品、加强LSD宣传培训、强化LSD主动监测和媒介控制、制定防控应急预案或防控技术规范、做好技术研究储备等。

    Abstract:

    In 2015,Lumpy skin disease(LSD)was introduced into Europe for the first time and was spread across Balkan. In order to recognize the situation of LSD,the epidemiology status of LSD in Europe from 2015 to 2016 was analyzed. The results showed that:from the aspects of temporal distribution,LSD spread in Europe followed a clear seasonal pattern,with most outbreaks occurring from June to September. From the aspect of spatial distribution,LSD in Balkan was expanded from southeast to northwest,with most outbreaks occurring at border regions of epidemic countries. From the aspect of herd distribution,the outbreaks of LSD were mainly sporadic and were mostly occurred in small farms. Based on the analysis results,some suggestions on preventing LSD incursion were proposed,such as prohibiting importation of bovine and bovine products from LSD infected countries strictly,strengthening awareness and training,active surveillance and control of vectors,drafting contingency plan or prevention and control technical specification,doing well on LSD technical research reserve and so on.

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袁丽萍,宋建德.2015—2016年欧洲牛结节性皮肤病流行状况分析[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2017,34(8):32-35.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2017-08-02
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