山东省毛皮动物养殖场户生物安全状况问卷调查
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S851.3

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山东省现代农业产业技术体系特种经济动物创新团队项目(SDAIT-21-05)


Questionnaire for Bio-safety Status of Fur Animal Farms in Shandong Province
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    摘要:

    为了解山东省毛皮动物(水貂、狐狸和貉子)养殖场户生物安全措施实施情况,采用电子问卷调查法,从养殖场户基本信息、场内分区情况、饲料种类、防疫措施、消毒措施、饲养管理(饮水、繁殖、免疫等)等方面进行问卷调查。本次调查回收有效问卷105份,涉及种用场、商品代场、散养户;被调查场户中,仅53.3%能做到办公区、生产区、生活区分开管理;以自配饲料为主,禽产品和海产品是主要饲料原料;大部分场户有全场消毒意识,但具体措施不完善;对动物胴体的无害化处理意识淡薄。调查表明,山东省毛皮动物养殖场户的生物安全意识较高,但是认识还不全面,在场区设计、消毒以及饲养管理、无害化处理等方面还存在一些安全漏洞。因此,毛皮动物养殖场户须加强生物安全控制,进一步提高对生物安全相关技术的认识。

    Abstract:

    In order to investigate the implementation of bio-safety measures in fur animal farms(minks,foxes and raccoon dogs)in Shandong Province,an electronic questionnaire was conducted for the general information of farms/households,zoning within the farms,feed types,disease prevention measures,disinfection measures,feeding management(drinking water,animal reproduction,vaccination and others). A total of 105 valid questionnaires were received,covering breeding farms,commercial farms and households. However,zoning management of the office,production and living areas were achieved only in 53.3% farms/households;self-made feed was predominant,and the main raw materials included poultry and marine products;most farmers were aware of disinfection throughout farms with insufficient specific measures,but knew little about bio-safety disposal of animal carcasses. It was concluded that the bio-safety awareness of farmers was at higher level although the cognition was still incomplete,there were still some security loopholes in the farm design,disinfection,feeding management and bio-safety disposal,etc. Therefore,bio-safety control should be strengthened in the farms/households to further improve the awareness for relevant technologies.

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曹艳丽,陈峰,党安坤,马慧玲,李玉杰,兰邹然,姜秀云,田夫林,王贵升.山东省毛皮动物养殖场户生物安全状况问卷调查[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2021,38(7):31-34.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-07-21
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