辽宁省养殖环节死亡生猪无害化处理现状
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Analysis on the Status of Bio-safety Disposal of Dead Pigs in Breeding Process in Liaoning Province
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    摘要:

    为揭示辽宁省养殖环节病死猪无害化处理中存在的问题并提出相关建议,对辽宁省无害化处理中心及其收集体系建设运行情况、2017—2020年生猪无害化处理数据进行了综合分析。结果显示:截至2021年3月,辽宁省共建成24家病死畜禽无害化处理中心,主要集中在辽西地区,而辽东地区的抚顺、本溪和丹东3市目前尚未建成;24家无害化处理中心共配备156辆病死畜禽收集运输车,收集范围覆盖52%(52/100)的县区和78.95%(15/19)的生猪销售大县;2017—2020年全省养殖环节生猪无害化处理率分别为5.19%、7.81%、7.43%和11.99%,地区间存在较大差异。建议尽快完善辽东山区病死畜禽无害化处理体系、优化辽西地区无害化处理产能配置、深入实施无害化处理与养殖业保险联动、建立无害化处理法治与标准化体系。本研究可为辽宁省乃至全国更好地开展病死畜禽无害化处理监管工作提供参考。

    Abstract:

    In order to identify the possible problems in the process of bio-safety disposal of dead pigs during farming in Liaoning Province and to put forward relevant suggestions,the status of rendering centers,construction and operation of their collection systems and relevant data during 2017 to 2020 in the province were summarized and analyzed. It was found that,by March 2021,a total of 24 rendering centers were established mainly in western Liaoning instead of eastern Liaoning including Fushun,Benxi and Dandong City,which were equipped with a total of 156 vehicles for transportation of dead animals,covering 52%(52/100)counties/districts and 78.95%(15/19)major counties supplying live pigs. From 2017 to 2020,the bio-safety disposal rates of dead pigs were 5.19%,7.81%,7.43% and 11.99%,successively,which was quite different in different regions. Therefore,it was suggested to improve the bio-safety disposal system in mountainous areas in eastern Liaoning,optimize the productivity allocation in western Liaoning,carry out the linkage of bio-safety disposal and livestock farming insurance,and to establish legal and standardized systems for bio-safety disposal of dead animals. Some references were thereby provided for better supervision over bio-safety disposal of deal animals in Liaoning Province even the whole country.

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刘俊.辽宁省养殖环节死亡生猪无害化处理现状[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2021,38(7):52-55.

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