非洲猪瘟疫情对某县不同生猪养殖模式的影响
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S851.3

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Influence of ASF Outbreak on Different Pig Breeding Modes in a County
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    摘要:

    为了解非洲猪瘟疫情对基层生猪养殖模式的影响,2020年5—12月,通过实地走访及发放调查问卷方式,对2017—2020年华中地区A县生猪养殖场户、养殖集团公司进行了调查。A县生猪养殖模式主要包括3种,分别是中型规模养殖场、“公司+农户”以及散养户。非洲猪瘟疫情发生后,3种养殖模式均遭受到一定冲击,但“公司+农户”模式生猪存栏、出栏量下降幅度最小,2017—2019年降幅分别为50.95%、32.98%;疫情稳定后,其生猪复产能力最强,与2019年相比,2020年生猪存栏、出栏快速回升97.68%、38.75%。结果表明,“公司+农户”养殖模式具有更强的抗疫病风险能力,值得在我国基层推广。本文为基层生猪生产稳定健康发展提供了参考。

    Abstract:

    In order to identify the influence of the outbreak of African swine fever(ASF)on pig breeding modes at field level,in May to December 2020,swine farms/households and breeding groups/enterprises in a county in central China were investigated by means of field visit and questionnaire,and the data during 2017 to 2020 were collected. The main breeding modes included free-range households,medium farms,“enterprises+farmers”,all of which had been impacted by ASF outbreak since it occurred,but for the latter,the deduction of the inventory and marketing amount was minimum,by 50.95% and 32.98% respectively in 2017 to 2019;due to its highest reproduction capability,compared to the status in 2019,the inventory and marketing amount were rapidly increasing by 97.68% and 38.75% respectively in 2020 when the outbreak was controlled. Therefore,it was worthy to popularize“enterprises+farmers”at field level due to its strong capability fighting against animal diseases. A reference was provided in the paper for future stable and healthy development of pig production at field level.

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张守华,李建西.非洲猪瘟疫情对某县不同生猪养殖模式的影响[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2021,38(9):49-52.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-09-03
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