欧盟、美国及澳大利亚牛结核病防控经验与启示
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Experience and Enlightenment from Prevention and Control of Bovine Tuberculosis in EU,the United States and Australia
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    摘要:

    牛结核病的根除对养牛业和公共卫生安全具有重大积极意义。当前美国、澳大利亚、欧盟等国家和地区均成功实施了牛结核病根除计划,而我国的牛结核病防控工作起步较晚进展相对缓慢。本文认为健全的法律法规体系、充足的经费保障、统一的领导机构、严格的追溯体系、完善的监测系统、详尽的监测方案、科学的检测技术、精确的分类管理和良好的群防群控氛围是欧美国家牛结核病防控的优势经验,由此对我国牛结核病的防控策略提出建议,以期为国家开展牛结核病净化工作提供信息支持。

    Abstract:

    Eradication of bovine tuberculosis is of positive significance to cattle industry and public health safety. At present,plans for eradication of bovine tuberculosis have been successfully implemented in the United States,Australia,European Union(EU)and other countries and regions,but started late with slower pace in China. In the paper,it was considered that superior experiences from prevention and control of bovine tuberculosis in the above countries included sound laws and regulations,adequate funding,unified lead agency,strict traceability system,perfect monitoring system,detailed monitoring scheme,scientific detection technology,accurate classification management and efforts by the public under good atmosphere,then some suggestions were put forward for the strategies of prevention and control of bovine tuberculosis in China,with a view to providing information for purification of the disease across the country.

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杨德全,杨显超,沈海潇,鞠厚斌,李鑫,吴秀娟,葛菲菲,刘健,王建,赵洪进.欧盟、美国及澳大利亚牛结核病防控经验与启示[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2021,38(9):62-65.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-09-03
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