OIE非洲猪瘟标准简介
作者:
作者单位:

作者简介:

通讯作者:

中图分类号:

S851.3

基金项目:


Introduction to OIE Standard on African Swine Fever
Author:
Affiliation:

Fund Project:

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
  • |
  • 文章评论
    摘要:

    世界动物卫生组织(OIE)非洲猪瘟(ASF)标准,是OIE成员开展ASF防控应遵循的国际标准,是世界贸易组织(WTO)指定的生猪及生猪产品国际贸易应遵循的准则,对各国ASF防控和监测、应急机制建立和生猪及生猪产品流通贸易具有重要的指导和规范作用。本文梳理了OIE-ASF标准修订历史沿革,从生猪及生猪产品进出口贸易要求、疫病状态、疫病监测、病原灭活等方面介绍了2002版、2008版、2017版和2019版标准的修订情况和具体条款内容。现行2019版ASF标准较2008版增加了安全商品、疫病监测和不同产品中病毒灭活等条款,对世界各国动物产品贸易、ASF防控等方面都有了新要求。为应对这些要求,我国应积极参加OIE标准制修订工作,科学制定我国标准法规,积极开展ASF防控工作,合理建立ASF监测体系和ASF无疫小区。

    Abstract:

    The standard of World Organization for Animal Health(OIE)on African swine fever(ASF)is an international one that should be followed by OIE members for prevention and control of ASF and has been designated by World Trade Organization(WTO)to be followed in international trade concerning live pigs and their products,which has played a guiding and standardizing role in control and monitoring of ASF,establishment of emergency system as well as trade of live pigs and their products in all countries. In the paper,the historical development of revisions to OIE ASF standard were summarized,the contents of revisions and specific articles to versions of 2002,2008,2017 and 2019 were introduced in terms of specific international trade requirements for live pigs and their products,status and surveillance of animal diseases,inactivation of pathogens,etc. Compared to 2018 version,the 2019 version has added the articles concerning safety of goods,surveillance of animal diseases and inactivation of pathogens in various products,and has new requirements for trade of animal products,ASF prevention and control,etc.,in all countries. In response to the above requirements,China should actively participate in all future revisions to OIE standards,scientifically formulate national standards and regulations,actively carry out ASF prevention and control,and reasonably establish an ASF monitoring system and ASF-free zones.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文

王岩,邴睿,张慧,王媛媛,王伟涛,苏红,李卫华,滕翔雁. OIE非洲猪瘟标准简介[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2021,38(10):87-91.

复制
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
  • HTML阅读次数:
  • 引用次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:
  • 最后修改日期:
  • 录用日期:
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-10-08
  • 出版日期:
您是第位访问者
《中国动物检疫》编辑部 ® 2021 版权所有
地址:山东省青岛市南京路369号《中国动物检疫》编辑部 邮编:266032
电话:0532-85623545 0532-85622559 0532-85642906 传真:0532-85621826 鲁ICP备08016398号-3
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司