2015—2020年湖北省宜城市羊布鲁氏菌病净化效果监测
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S851.3

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Monitoring of Purification Against Brucella melitensis in Yicheng City of Hubei Province from 2015 to 2020
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    摘要:

    湖北省宜城市2015年开始全面启动羊布鲁氏菌病净化工作。为掌握该市羊布鲁氏菌病净化效果,2015—2020年对宜城市所有的4 588个羊养殖场户,采集405 198份血清样品进行布鲁氏菌抗体检测,共检出阳性场群148个,阳性样品1 297份。羊场群阳性率从2015年的5.94%下降到2020年的0.62%,差异具有统计学意义(n = 4 588,χ2 = 56.216,P<0.05);个体阳性率从2015年的0.67%下降到2020年的0.03%,呈持续下降趋势,差异显著具有统计学意义(n = 405 198,χ2 = 484.724,P<0.05)。人间与羊间布鲁氏菌病病例相关性分析显示,人间布鲁氏菌病的发生与羊间布鲁氏菌病呈正相关(rs = 0.812,P = 0.05)。结果表明,宜城市羊布鲁氏菌病净化工作成效明显。今后应继续推进羊布鲁氏菌病净化工作,争取早日达到净化区目标,从而保证人类健康安全。

    Abstract:

    In 2015,purification against Brucella melitensis was started across Yicheng City of Hubei Province. In order to identify the effectiveness of such effort,405 198 serum samples were collected from all of 4 588 farms/households to detect antibodies against brucellosis in the city during 2015 to 2020,and a total of 148 positive farms/populations and 1 297 positive samples were detected. The population positive rate decreased from 5.94% in 2015 to 0.62% in 2020,with statistical difference(n = 4 588,χ2 = 56.216,P<0.05);and the individual one from 0.67% in 2015 to 0.03% in 2020,with a continuous downtrend and statistical difference(n = 405 198,χ2 = 484.724,P<0.05). Upon analysis on the correlation between human and sheep cases,it was shown that the two kinds of cases were positively correlated(rs = 0.812,P = 0.05). In conclusion,the disease was effectively purified in the city,which should be further strengthened to achieve the goal of purification zone soonest and to ensure human health and safety.

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张清瑞,张超,邱振乾,梁宗泽,刘定富.2015—2020年湖北省宜城市羊布鲁氏菌病净化效果监测[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2021,38(11):11-14.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-11-04
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