兰州市七里河区居民布鲁氏菌病“知信行”调查
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S851.1

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兰州市科技局人才创新创业项目(19-RC-72)


Investigation on Knowledge,Attitude and Practice of Brucellosis in Qilihe District of Lanzhou City
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    摘要:

    为了解兰州市七里河区居民布鲁氏菌病(简称布病)知识掌握与防护行为情况,2020年设计布病知信行调查问卷,对该地区91名职业暴露人群进行普查,并随机抽取218名非牲畜接触行业从业人员进行调查。结果显示:309人中听说过布病者占60.19%(186/309),布病听说率在不同民族、年龄、是否职业暴露人群有统计学差异(P<0.01),汉族、30岁以上的居民、养殖人员的听说率较高;布病患病率为2.59%(8/309),其中职业暴露人群患病率高于非牲畜接触行业从业人员(P<0.001);布病知识知晓情况整体较差,且不同性别、职业人群知晓程度有差异(P<0.05),知晓率最低条目“布病可经消化道传播”在养殖人员和从业人员间有统计学差异(P<0.01);养殖人群防护行为整体较好,但人畜分开饮水、按时接种布病疫苗的防护率低。结果表明:七里河区居民布病知识知晓度整体不高,养殖人员职业防护行为整体较好但存在防护短板,具有较高的暴露风险。因此,防疫部门应加强布病知识宣教,针对不同人群开展针对性行为指导,从而提高居民的布病防护意识。

    Abstract:

    In order to investigate residents' awareness for brucellosis and the status of prevention in Qilihe District,Lanzhou City,Gansu Province,and to support population intervention,a questionnaire on knowledge,attitude and practice(KAP)was designed in 2020 to investigate 91 persons with occupational exposure in the region,and 218 employees who were involved in non-livestock exposure industry were randomly investigated. The results showed that,60.19%(186/309)of 309 persons had heard of brucellosis,which was statistically different(P<0.01)subject to different ethnic groups,ages and whether occupational exposure group or not. The residents over 30 years old from Ethnic Han and breeding farmers knew more about the disease;the morbidity rate of brucellosis was 2.59%(8/309),which was higher in the populations with occupational exposure than those with non-livestock exposure(P<0.001);the awareness for brucellosis knowledge was generally poor,which was different in different genders and occupations(P<0.05),the item“brucellosis could be transmitted through digestive tract”listed in the bottom column of awareness rate was statistically different between breeding farmers and practitioners(P<0.01);the protective behaviors of breeding farmers were generally good,but low protection rate was provided through drinking water separately between human and animals and timely vaccination. The results showed that the awareness of brucellosis prevention in Qilihe was not high as a whole,and the occupational protection behaviors of the breeders were good as a whole,but there were shortcomings in protection,with high exposure risk. Therefore,for the purpose of improving residents' awareness for prevention and control of brucellosis,awareness activities should be strengthened and targeted guidance should be provided for different populations by departments responsible for disease prevention and control.

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王莹,郭伟泉,包凯,向媛媛,高文龙.兰州市七里河区居民布鲁氏菌病“知信行”调查[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2021,38(11):21-26.

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