新疆鄯善县春季蜱虫分布调查
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S851.3

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新疆维吾尔自治区区域协同创新专项-上海合作组织科技伙伴计划及国际科技合作计划项目(2021E01001)


Investigation on the Distribution of Ticks in Spring in Shanshan County,Xinjiang
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    摘要:

    为了解新疆鄯善县春季蜱虫种类及分布情况,2021年3—5月在鄯善县的5个村庄采集羊体表蜱虫及盐碱地区域环境中的蜱虫,利用体视显微镜进行形态学鉴定,并统计羊只携带蜱虫情况及其种类。结果显示:共在150只羊体表和环境中分别采集到1 392只和1 007只蜱虫;采集到蜱虫归于2科3属5种,分别为硬蜱科的亚洲璃眼蜱、小亚璃眼蜱、血红扇头蜱和图兰扇头蜱以及软蜱科的拉合尔钝缘蜱,其中亚洲璃眼蜱数量最多,占48.99%,在5个村均有分布;3—5月羊带蜱率逐渐上升,分别为14.67%、35.33%、68.67%,携带的种类由拉合尔钝缘蜱1种逐渐增加到5种。结果表明,新疆鄯善县春季流行的优势蜱种为亚洲璃眼蜱,而随气温升高,蜱虫种类及数量逐渐增加,活动范围进一步扩大,因此春季应加强蜱虫的消杀工作。本调查为鄯善县春季蜱虫传播疫病的防控及后续研究提供了参考。

    Abstract:

    In order to understand the species and distribution of ticks in spring in Shanshan county,Xinjiang,ticks living in sheep furs and skins and those in saline alkali areas were sampled from five villages in the county during March~May 2021 for morphological identification by stereoscopic microscope,and the status and species of ticks carried by sheep were summarized. The results showed that 1 392 and 1 007 ticks were respectively collected from 150 sheep and environment,which classified into 5 species,3 genera,2 families. Specifically,Hyalomma asiaticum,Hyalomma anatolicum,Rhipicephalus sanguineus,Rhipicephalus turanicus under Ixodidae and Ornithodoros lahorensis under Argasidae,Hyalomma asiaticum accounted for the largest proportion(48.99%)and distributed in the five villages;the carrying rate in sheep increased gradually from March to May,14.67%,35.33% and 68.67%,respectively,the number of species carried by the sheep increased from one(Ornithodoros lahorensis)to five. In conclusion,Hyalomma asiaticum was dominant in spring in the county,and the species and number of ticks gradually increased with the increasing temperature,and their scope was also expanded,so it was crucial to eradicate ticks in spring. The reference was thus provided for the prevention and control of ticks in spring in the county and follow-up studies.

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阿力木江·加帕尔,何文文,史倩云,甘露,李才善,翟雪洁,诺明达来,刘凯强,宋瑞其,巴音查汗.新疆鄯善县春季蜱虫分布调查[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2022,39(1):13-17.

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