两起人布鲁氏菌病疫情相关的畜间流行病学调查和处置
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S851.3

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Epidemiological Investigation into Animals on Two Cases of Human Brucellosis and Related Response
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    摘要:

    2021年3—4月,湖南省冷水江市和新化县分别发生一起人布鲁氏菌病疫情。为及时获得疫情发生发展情况,确定疫情来源,科学处置疫情,阻断传播风险,通过现场走访问询、实验室检测等方式开展了畜间疫情调查。结果显示:两例人布鲁氏菌病病例均为山羊养殖从业者,其养殖羊群的布鲁氏菌抗体阳性率分别为44.4%和15.4%;从外地引进未经检疫山羊混群饲养是疫情发生的主要原因,缺乏有效的流通监管和共同放牧导致疫情扩散。根据调查结果,当地畜牧兽医部门按相关规定对发病羊群及流行病学关联羊群进行了扑杀和无害化处理,使疫情得到有效控制。本次疫情提示,养殖者应提升防疫主体责任和自身防护意识,规范引种和调运,隔离饲养,相关部门应严格产地检疫和流通监管,强化监测预警,积极开展布鲁氏菌病防治知识宣传和净化工作。

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    In March to April 2021,two cases of human brucellosis occurred in Lengshuijiang City and Xinhua County of Hunan Province. In order to timely investigate the status of occurrence and development of the outbreaks,determine the sources,make a scientific response and to block any risk of spreading,an investigation into animals was conducted by means of field visit or interview and laboratory test. The results showed that,both the two cases involved in goat farming,and the positive rates of antibodies against brucellosis in their goats were 44.4% and 15.4%,respectively;the outbreaks were mainly caused by mixed farming with non-quarantined goats introduced from other regions,then spread due to lack of effective supervision for movement and shared grazing. Based on the results of investigation,the infected goats and those epidemiological related were stamped out and rendered by local livestock and veterinary department as required,and the outbreaks were effectively controlled. As demonstrated by the outbreaks,farmers should realize their responsibilities as the main bodies fighting against animal diseases and awareness of self-protection,standardize any introduction and transportation and keep their animals under quarantine,while relevant authorities should take strict measures for origin quarantine and movement control,strengthen monitoring and early warning,and actively conduct publicity activities and purification.

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丁朝阳,李慧兰,潘文武,陈佳.两起人布鲁氏菌病疫情相关的畜间流行病学调查和处置[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2022,39(1):29-32.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-01-06
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