我国近年来禽蛋产品主要药物风险因素分析及控制
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Analysis and Control of Major Drug Risk Factors Contained in Poultry Egg Products in China in Recent Years
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    摘要:

    通过收集近年来国家市场监督管理总局发布的禽蛋产品监督抽检的监测数据,结合国内有关畜禽产品质量安全检测评估机构开展禽蛋产品检测研究获得的数据,发现鲜鸡蛋、土鸡蛋、乌鸡蛋、鹅蛋等禽蛋产品中,氟苯尼考(胺)、恩诺沙星(以恩诺沙星与环丙沙星之和计)、氧氟沙星、甲砜霉素、氯霉素、磺胺类药物(总量)、甲氧苄啶、甲硝唑、地美硝唑、多西环素、呋喃唑酮代谢物[3-氨基-2-噁唑烷基酮(AOZ)]、金刚烷胺等药物存在残留安全风险。针对这些主要药物风险因素进行分析,提出有关控制对策建议:加强对国家法律、法规、公告的宣贯和培训;倡导建立集约化、标准化的蛋禽养殖场;建立蛋禽场良好生物安全体系,落实《全国兽用抗菌药使用减量化行动方案》;增强禽蛋产品生产主体的责任意识,切实落实好食用农产品承诺达标合格证制度;加强对养禽过程中药物使用的监管,强化养殖环节的监督检查和产品抽检;建立禽蛋产品跨省、跨地区流通监管机制,强化禽蛋产品市场准入和市场流通监管等。

    Abstract:

    Based on the surveillance data related to sampling inspection for poultry egg products as published by State Administration for Market Regulation in recent years,it was found that,in combination with the data obtained through researches on detection of poultry egg products by relevant institutions responsible for inspection and evaluation of animal and poultry product quality and safety,a risk of residues of flufenicol(amine),enrofloxacin(enrofloxacin plus ciprofloxacin),ofloxacin,thiamphenicol,chloramphenicol,sulfonamides(total amount),trimethoprim,metronidazole,dimethidazole,doxycycline,furazolidone metabolite [3-amino-2-oxazolidinone(AOZ)],amantadine and other drugs was available in fresh chicken eggs,native chicken eggs,black-bone chicken eggs,goose eggs and other poultry eggs,against which,upon analysis,relevant countermeasures were put forward,including improving public's awareness and training related to national laws,regulations and announcements;advocating to establish intensive and standardized farms for laying poultry;developing a good bio-safety system for the farms to implement the National Action Plan for Reducing the Use of Veterinary Antibiotics;strengthening the responsibility consciousness of manufactures for egg products to thoroughly implement the system of commitment to compliance certificate for edible agricultural products;enhancing the supervision over drug use during the process of breeding with increasing supervision,inspection and sampling inspection;and establishing a supervision mechanism for transprovincial or transregional movement of egg products to strengthen supervision over market access and distribution of egg products.

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李伟红,王玉东,王冬根,魏益华,刘坤,王淑婷,付红蕾,董国强,王文杰,戴廷灿,宋翠平.我国近年来禽蛋产品主要药物风险因素分析及控制[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2022,39(5):49-54.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-05-07
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