宁夏动物强制免疫“先打后补”政策推行经验
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Experience of Implementation of “Vaccination Followed by Compensation” Compulsory Immunization in Animals in Ningxia
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    摘要:

    根据农业农村部《关于深入推进动物疫病强制免疫补助政策实施机制改革》要求,宁夏结合实际在全区推进动物疫病强制免疫“先打后补”工作,并对未来五年“先打后补”推进进行规划。当前通过加强政策引领、强化培训宣传、调整补助范围、明确补助模式、做好摸底调查、简化申报手续等做法,调动了养殖企业的防疫主体责任意识,推动了兽医社会化服务组织的壮大,提高了疫苗资金使用效率,满足了养殖户对疫苗的多样化需求。同时,由于养殖场户动物防疫管理水平不高、疫苗资金缺口大、基层动物防疫体系弱化等原因,部分市、县(市、区)推动“先打后补”政策积极性不高。建议积极推进法律法规的专项执法检查及宣贯,提高疫苗资金投入力度,强化动物防疫基础设施建设,确保该项工作顺利实施。

    Abstract:

    As required by The Reform on Further Promoting to Implement the Polity of Compensation for Compulsory Immunization against Animal Diseases published by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,the efforts of“vaccination followed by compensation”compulsory immunization against animal diseases were promoted across Ningxia based on its actual conditions,and the activities in the coming five years were planned. At present,through such measures as policy guidance,strengthening publicity and training,adjusting the scope of compensation,defining the mode of compensation,thorough investigation,simplifying application procedures,etc.,the awareness of breeding enterprises for responsibility for animal disease control was mobilized,veterinary socialized service organizations were developed,the efficiency of vaccine funds was improved,and farmers' various needs for vaccines were satisfied. However,the initiative to implement the policy was poor in some cities/counties(districts)due to farms/farmers' low management level for animal disease prevention,lack of vaccine funds,poor field system for animal disease prevention,etc. It was therefore recommended to ensure successful implementation of the policy through actively promoting the inspection and publicity of special law enforcement of laws and regulations,increasing the inputs of vaccine funds,and strengthening the construction of infrastructure for animal disease prevention.

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邸静,闫小芹,宗亮泽,李萍,李靖宁.宁夏动物强制免疫“先打后补”政策推行经验[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2022,39(6):69-72.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-06-06
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