关于加快我国实验室生物安保发展的几点建议
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S852.3

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Suggestions on Speeding up the Development of Laboratory Biosecurity in China
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    摘要:

    近年来,随着对病原微生物和各种传染性疾病研究的深入,我国生物实验室数量越来越多,完善实验室生物安保体系对于保护科研人员和社会安全具有重大意义。本文首先明确了实验室生物安保和实验室生物安全的区别与联系,而后指出我国存在生物安保相关法规制度不完善,实验室实施环节生物安保能力较为薄弱等问题,并借鉴WHO和部分发达国家的生物安保法规以及实施现状,提出了完善制度法规,加强实验室实施环节能力建设,强化生物安保培训,加强风险评估认识等适合我国生物安保发展现状的相关建议,以期为完善我国生物安保体系,加快生物安保发展提供参考。

    Abstract:

    In recent years,with ongoing researches on pathogenic microorganisms and various infectious diseases,the number of biological laboratories was increasing in China,so the improvement of laboratory biological security system was of great significance to protect the safety of researchers and society. In the paper,the differences and relations between laboratory biosecurity and laboratory biosafety were identified,followed by some problems,such as imperfect laws and regulations related to biosecurity,poor biosecurity capacity in laboratories,etc.,then,with reference to the regulations related to biosecurity specified by WHO and some developed countries as well as their status of implementation,relevant suggestions were proposed,including improving relevant laws and regulations,strengthening capacity building of laboratories to implement the system,increasing biosecurity training,improving the awareness for risk assessment and others appropriate for the status of biosecurity in China,with a view to providing a reference for improving the biosecurity system and accelerating the development of biosecurity in China.

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门立强,李慧杰,刘绯,吴好庭,李芳韬,毛娅卿,万建青.关于加快我国实验室生物安保发展的几点建议[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2022,39(7):55-58.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-07-04
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