In order to investigate the prevalence and control of lumpy skin disease（LSD）in Hunan Province，188 cattle farms/households in 10 cities/prefectures in the province were investigated by online questionnaire on their situations and modes of breeding，as well as awareness，vacciantion and treatment against LSD from November to December 2021. The results showed that，in the investigation，small-scale farms/households with an inventory＜50 cattle accounted for 69.68%，those with the modes of free-ranging and mixed free-ranging with captive breeding were 27.66% and 45.21%，respectively，those only fattening purchased calves were 6.91%，and those with self-support in combination with purchasing calves were 35.11%. 13.92% farms/households mixed their original cattle with the purchased ones without any quarantine；94.68% awared of LSD，of which，89.36% agreed LSD could be treated；26.06% occurred suspected LSD symptoms；59.57% implemented vaccination against LSD for all population，9.57% for some population，and after vaccination，96.15% were absent from suspected symptoms，and 12.31% showed mild side effects. In conclusion，small-scale breeding played a main role in the province with relatively traditional mode，which brought a certain risk for spreading LSD. However，a certain awareness of disease control was observed in the farms/households where LSD was well known，so preventive and control measures such as vaccination，quarantine and treatment could be actively taken to find any suspected cases in time. Therefore，the risk of disease occurrence was controllable in general. To this end，it was recommended that supervision for vaccination and transportation should be further strengthened to effectively control any introduction or prevalence of the disease.