Under the "One Health" initiative，a standard framework for evaluation of performance of veterinary services（PVS）was developed by World Organization for Animal Health（WOAH），aiming to improve the levels of global animal health，animal welfare and public health through vigorously promoting PVS evaluation over the world and continuously strengthening the capacity building of members' veterinary services. Canada，as a member of WOAH，was one of the few developed countries that applied to complete the PVS evaluation and published its report earlier，demonstrating its world-leading capacity of veterinary services with outstanding performance. Its experiences and practices in conducting PVS evaluation were summarized as follows：conducting an internal evaluation with the concept and standard of WOAH PVS evaluation，improving the core competence in key functional areas through finding and analyzing the gap with established goals or international standards；and determining priorities and development issues through actively applying for WOAH expert evaluation in combination with global development strategies and their own needs. Based on all of which，for China，it was recommended to focus on the construction of core competence to build a scientific and applicable internal performance evaluation system；strengthen communications and collaboration to establish a coordination mechanism for cross-departmental performance evaluation at national level；and promote joint governance to carry out a pilot of joint performance evaluation in major port cities. A reference was thus provided to China to introduce and popularize PVS evaluation，promote the building of core competence for national biosafety by taking the performance evaluation as an effective means step by step and in order，and improve the performance of relevant systems and mechanisms.