一起山羊布鲁氏菌病疫情的流行病学调查
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S851.3

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Epidemiological Investigation on an Outbreak of Goat Brucellosis
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    摘要:

    2021年6月,广西某县一羊场检出布鲁氏菌阳性,怀疑当地暴发了羊布鲁氏菌病疫情。为确定病因,控制疫情,减少损失,防止类似事件再次发生,采用现场访谈、实地调查、问卷调查、采样检测等方式开展了流行病学调查。调查发现:此次疫情涉及该县2个乡镇3个行政村10个养殖场户;这10个阳性场户间有流行病学关联,存在混牧、公羊共用和销售调运羊只等情况。调查认为,违规引种而引进感染动物,不按规定对调入动物实施隔离饲养,养殖户生物安全意识差,是本次布鲁氏菌病疫情发生的主要原因。本次疫情警示,相关防疫部门应加强防疫知识及相关法规的宣传教育,提高养殖场户的生物安全意识和依法落实防疫主体责任意识,加强隔离饲养,避免混牧和公羊共用,依法规范引种、调运动物等行为。

    Abstract:

    In June 2021,a goat farm was found to be positive for brucellosis in a county in Guangxi,which was suspected to be an outbreak of goat brucellosis. In order to determine the cause,control further spreading of the outbreak,reduce any losses and to prevent any similar incidents,an epidemiological investigation was carried out by means of on-site visit,field investigation,questionnaire,sampling and testing. It was found that 10 farms/households in 3 administrative villages of 2 townships in the county were involved,which were epidemiologically related to each other,shared same grasslands and breeding goats,purchased or sold goats from or to each other. It was investigated that the outbreak was mainly caused by illegal introduction of infected animals,failure to quarantine the introduced animals as required and farmers' poor awareness for bio-safety. It was thus recommended that relevant authorities should increase the education on disease prevention and relevant laws and regulations,improve farmers' awareness for bio-safety and implement their responsibility as the actors for disease prevention according to laws,strengthen quarantine,avoid any sharing of same grasslands and breeding goats,and regulate any introduction and transportation of animals according to laws.

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赵子欣,吴健皓,闭璟珊,郑敏,韦正吉,邹联斌.一起山羊布鲁氏菌病疫情的流行病学调查[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2022,39(11):45-48.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-11-03
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