全球牛传染性胸膜肺炎的流行和防控
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S851.3

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Global Prevalence and Control of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia
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    摘要:

    本文回顾了全球牛传染性胸膜肺炎(也称牛肺疫)历史流行情况,简述了部分国家牛肺疫消灭史,总结了全球牛肺疫防控成效及进展,分析了全球牛肺疫流行状况及特点。迄今为止,欧洲、北美洲和大洋洲已经彻底消灭了牛肺疫,全球已有24个国家被世界动物卫生组织(WOAH)认可为无牛肺疫国家;2005—2022年,全球共有34个国家(非洲32个、亚洲2个)累计报告疫情4 727起,发病动物365 506头/只;亚洲的马来西亚和沙特阿拉伯存在疫情散发,非洲撒哈拉以南地区是主要流行区域;总体看,全球牛肺疫流行趋势趋缓,特别是近年报告疫情的国家数量和疫情数都大幅下降。此外,本文还简述了我国牛肺疫消灭史。

    Abstract:

    The global history of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia(CBPP)was reviewed,global achievements and practices therein were summarized,then the status and characteristics of the disease were analyzed. So far,CBPP had been completely eliminated in Europe,North America and Oceania,and 24 countries had been recognized as free of CBPP by the World Organization for Animal Health(WOAH);from 2005 to 2022,a total of 4 727 outbreaks were reported in 34 countries(32 in Africa and 2 in Asia),involving 365 506 infected animals;the outbreak sporadically occurred in Malaysia and Saudi Arabia in Asia,and was mainly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. In general,the global trend of the disease had slowed down,especially the number of outbreaks or countries reporting outbreaks had decreased significantly. In addition,the history of eradication of the disease in China was also briefly introduced in the paper.

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宋建德,孙映雪,袁丽萍,张秀娟,李昂,王梦瑶,郑雪光.全球牛传染性胸膜肺炎的流行和防控[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2023,40(1):1-6.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2023-01-10
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