山东省沂南县动物强制免疫“先打后补”现状分析
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Analysis on the Status of Compulsory Immunization of“Vaccination Followed by Compensation”in Yinan,Shandong
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    摘要:

    2021年,沂南县推进动物疫病强制免疫“先打后补”工作,依托“鲁牧云”信息平台,通过强化组织领导,加强政策宣贯,强化人员培训,放开强免疫苗经营渠道,提供抗体检测无偿服务等措施,提升了养殖场户“先打后补”的积极性、自主性、灵活性,强化了养殖场户动物防疫主体责任,满足了养殖场户疫苗多样化需求。但由于 “先打后补”补助金额少、社会化服务不规范、基层动物防疫体系弱化、缺少配套工作经费等原因,部分养殖场户实施“先打后补”的积极性不高。建议通过规范社会化服务组织,强化培训水平,提高补助标准,强化三级(县乡村)基础设施建设,升级“鲁牧云”等措施,确保“先打后补”政策惠及更多养殖场户。

    Abstract:

    In 2021,animal compulsory immunization of“vaccination followed by compensation”was implemented in Yinan County where,based on Shandong Smart Livestock Big Data Platform,the enthusiasm,autonomy and flexibility of farmers were improved,farmers' responsibilities as the main body for animal disease prevention were consolidated,and their needs for multiple vaccines were met by a series of measures including strengthening organizational leadership,intensifying the publicity and implementation of policies and regulations,increasing trainings,conducting a thorough investigation,delivering convenient services,providing access to vaccines of compulsory immunization and offering free services of antibody detection. However,the level of enthusiasm was relatively low in some farms due to insufficient compensation,nonstandard social services,poor level of animal disease prevention system at the grassroots level,lack of supporting funds and other reasons. It was therefore recommended to safeguard that more farms would benefit from the policy through standardizing organizations for socialized service,increasing trainings and supervision,improving compensation and supporting funds as well as infrastructures at county,township and village levels,upgrading Lumuyun system,etc.

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高凤华,马荣正,赵万兵,屈金涛,聂伟,李安宁,黄新强,谢有莲,王学新,宋善友,张世强.山东省沂南县动物强制免疫“先打后补”现状分析[J].《中国动物检疫》编辑部,2023,40(1):68-71.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2023-01-10
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