In order to evaluate the performance of domestic enzyme linked immunosorbent assay（ELISA） kits for rabies virus antibodies，four domestic brands of the kits were selected to respectively detect 463 canine sera with rabies virus antibody titer determined by the fluorescent antibody virus neutralization test（FAVN）. The consistency and difference of the results by ELISA kits and FAVN were evaluated by Kappa test and paired Chi-square test，the diagnostic sensitivity，specificity，coincidence rate and repeatability of ELISA kits were calculated，and then the parameters of the four kits，such as application range and sample dilution ratio，were compared. The results showed that，by Kappa test，weak consistency between the four kits and FAVN was observed；by paired Chi-square test，there were no significant differences（P＞0.05）between the results of kits A，B and FAVN，which were different from those of kits C and D（P＜0.05）. For diagnostic sensitivity，kit D was the highest，while kit B was the lowest. For diagnostic specificity，the four kits were low，ranging from 29.5% to 57.7%. The coincidence rate of each kit was similar，which remained from 71.3% to 72.8%. Considering sensitivity，specificity，repeatability and other factors，it was concluded that the immune antibodies could be better detected by kit C，followed by kit A，both of which might be used as a candidate. In conclusion，the performance of the four kits，including sensitivity，specificity and inter-batch stability，should be improved for the purpose of post-immunization antibody monitoring by animal disease prevention and control institutions at the grassroots level.